INFOGRAPHIC: Hispanic Education Trends
Hispanic Education Trends
The number of Hispanic students enrolled in college has reached an all-time high in recent years. Between 1972 and 2011, the Latino share of 18-to-24-year old college students rose from 2.9 percent to 16.9 percent and now make up about a quarter of that age group at two-year colleges nationwide. However, they still lag in Bachelor’s degrees compared to other racial groups.
Sources: Pew Research Center and The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education
There were 55.3 million Hispanics in the United States in 2014, comprising 17.3% of the U. S. population. Of those aged 25 or older:
- 61.7 percent are a high school graduate or less
- 23.9 percent finished a two-year degree or had some type of college
- 14.4 percent obtained a Bachelor’s degree or more
Source: Pew Research Center on Hispanic Trends
Barriers to Education
A 2009 survey about the opinions of Hispanic youths in America between the ages of 18 and 25 found:
- Education is seen as important
- Nearly all Latino youths, 89 percent, agree with the statement that a college degree is important for getting ahead in life, However, just under half say they plan to get a college degree.
- Gangs and incarceration are barriers
- Many respondents indicated pressure to join gangs is a risk factor for not going to college. More than half, 56 percent, of Mexican-heritage Latinos said gangs were in their schools.
- Getting involved in gangs can lead to jail, About three percent of young Hispanic youths between 16 and 25 were incarcerated in 2008.
- Other perceived barriers
- Three-quarters of respondents said feeling financial pressure to support a family was a reason to cut off school before college.
- Other reasons respondents said they didn’t go to college:
- Poor English skills
- A dislike of school
- Belief they don’t need more education for the careers they plan to pursue
Source: Pew Hispanic Research Center on Hispanic Trends
Enrollment on the Rise
This infographic contains a line graph of 18-24-year-olds enrolled in college between 1993-2012 and are tracked by racial group. In the specified time span:
- The number of students representing all races and ethnicities rose from 8.6 million to 12.5 million.
- The number of whites increased from 6.2 million to 7.2 million.
- 897,000 to 2.4 million were Hispanic.
- 728,000 to 1.7 million were Black.
- The number of Asians enrolled in college hovered around the same level but saw a slight increase to 915,000 between 2008 to 2012.
- Krogstad, Jens Manuel. “More Hispanics, Blacks in College, but Lag in Bachelor’s degrees. April 2014 at the Pew Research Center.
- Hoogeveen, Paul. “Closing the Education Gap: A Surge In Hispanic College Enrollment.” January 2012 in The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education
- Stepler, Renee & Brown, Anna. “Statistical Portrait of Hispanics in the United States.” April 2016 at the Pew Research Center on Hispanic Trends.
- "Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America" December 2009. Pew Research Center on Hispanic Trends